Image source: ecclesiastical.com
Biomass is an organic matter from the plants and animals [microorganism]. Photosynthesis is the name process that stores the energy from the sunlight in plants. Animals get this energy through eating of the plants, waste such as crops, manure and garbage are all excellent sources of biomass fuel biomass can be used to make methane gas biodiesel and other biofuels it as a wide array of uses including as directly as heat or to generate electricity with a steam turbine.
1. Dependency on fossil fuels is reduced; it replaces other fuel resources in all cases the fuel might be immediately replaced by utilizing natural materials to deliver power there is less interest to power created by non-renewable assets example coal and gas.
2. Renewable; Biomass energy is a renewable resource, the principal positive about biomass energy is that it creates power by utilizing renewable assets these assets may be wood waste tree build-up handled wood pellets or urban waste simply biomass utilizes the leftovers materials
3. It is carbon Neutral; Biomass does not produce carbon, the distinction between using biomass fuel rather than coal gas is that the carbon that is discharged was already part of nature because of the plant.
4. Biomass is widely available; it is widely available all over the world organic waste in the form of dead leaves, grass and trees animal carcasses are always available in abundance and can be used to produce biomass energy.
5. Biomass can be used in many forms; Biomass can be used to create different products from different forms of organic matter, it can be used to produce methane gas biodiesel and other biofuels .and also directly as heat.
6. Helps to reduce waste. Biomass helps in the waste management consistently of which we create a huge amount of solid waste this waste involves biodegradable waste, recyclable along with the dangerous toxic waste.
7. Cost effective; Energy harnessed from biomass is inexpensive compared to co and well, typically they cost about 1/3 less than fossils fuels doing the same job of which it saves a lot.
8. Produces carbon dioxide. Carbon dioxide which is released when the Biomass fuel is burned which is taken in by the plants.
9. Creates space. The use of waste materials reduce land mill disposal and makes more space for everything else.
10. It is easy to construct. Biomass is very easy to do or construct and it needs less materials that can be used in constructing biomass.
1. Not totally clean when burned; the biggest contention against biomass as clean energy is the pollution that is created from burning the wood and other natural materials sometimes they are as bad as the pollution that comes from coal and other types of energy resources.
2. Can lead to deforestation; wood is a major source of biomass energy to produce a considerable amount of power, a large amount of wood and other waste products have to be burned.
3. In-efficient Biodiesel; products like ethanol which is produced by the Biomass is relatively inefficient as compared to gasoline.
4. Somehow expensive; Extraction of Biomasses can be expensive in some areas we find that biomass project maybe not worth the price and is therefore never finished.
5. It requires space; we need big areas for all the different presses that are required in harnessing energy from Biomass. For all the materials and the processes of Biomass to compete it needs a better space to mix the materials for better results.
6. No agricultural wastes. Agricultural waste will not be available if the basic crop is no longer grown. Some of the users may need the materials for agricultural use of which may not be found after the Biomass process has been completed
7. Additional work; Additional work is needed in the areas such as harvesting method collecting the materials all together where some are also needed to be cut into pieces so that they can fit well in the place at which the process is to be done
8. The land may be in demand for other uses; land used for energy crops may be in demand for other purposes such as farming conservation, housing resort or agricultural use
9. Limited wastes. Some of the Biomass conversion projects are from animal waste and are relatively small and therefore are limited and cannot be easy to be found at large quantities as needed to produce better results
10. Research needed. Research of the materials and the process of conducting the biomass is needed to reduce the cost of production of Biomass-based fuels