Image source: drpfconsults.com
Bilingual education is a practice where students are taught two different languages simultaneously. The languages being taught can either be international or local. These languages may be taught to students to enable them to have a great knowledge of the other community or to be fair if the class of people speaks the two different languages. Some advantages of bilingual education are;
1. It is easy to learn: Learning two languages makes it even easier to students gets more knowledge. This increases their ability to understand what they are taught since they are taught using different languages.
2. It creates early diversity: Learning two languages makes people interact freely at a younger age as they cannot be divided by language if they are from a different community since they are already taught.
3. It provides a brighter future: Learning two different languages makes students very bright even in the future. When the student visits the different place he or she can associate well with people in that area since he or she has a good understanding of the language they speak outside there.
4. It improves working memory: Teaching of more than two languages makes students have a good memory. Things that they did not understand well when they were taught in one of the languages can well understand when taught in the other language.
5. It encourages wisdom: Learning two different languages at a go sharpens students from an early age. The student will come to know of so many things which a student learning only one language does not know or understands.
6. It can create employment opportunity: A student who has been taught two different languages has high chances of getting employed. They can be employed as translators or even teachers teaching the same language.
7. It provides a way to learn more: Learning two languages equips students with more knowledge. Some students will get interested to learn more about the other language they are taught in terms of cultural and social activities.
8. Encourages peace: Learning two different languages makes the students get to know of the other language more and therefore can freely interact with the people of the other community thus promoting peace and harmony within the community.
9. It is fun: Learning two languages is very fun. One gets to know some of the things they did not know about like the origin of the people who came up with the language, their culture all of which is of great to learn.
10. Encourages teamwork: Learning two languages can encourage teamwork especially when students are left with a task to find something about the language they will find other students even from the community to help them solving the task.
Some of the disadvantages of bilingual education are;
1. Learning a new language is difficult: Some students only understand first languages which is spoken by the parents thus when introduced to bilingual education will find it hard to understand the new language being taught.
2. It is expensive to learn a new language: Most of the teachers that are hired to teach are mainly from outside the country and hence it is expensive to pay them from accommodation to foodstuffs and those all expenses are directed to students learning bilingual education thus they will have to pay more.
3. It may limit the student to get involved in local culture: Bilingual educations limit the students to interact and learn more of their own cultural life especially if they come to find interest in the new language they are being taught.
4. It may change students’ attention: Bilingual education may make some students lose attention on one of the languages and concentrate more on the other which may not be good in terms of their local culture.
5. Lack of enough qualified teachers: Learning a different language from the community may need them to find a teacher who well understands the other language more which can be difficult to find especially where there live people speaking one language.
6. It may be accompanied with stigma: Some people may find it as a shame or dishonor when they are taught of the other especially if it has a bad if it had a bad origin, therefore, students will try to avoid it.
7. It can encourage rejection: Some students when taught of the other language can develop a bad attitude towards the language and therefore they will not want to be involved with people who speak that language, therefore, the students will feel rejected.
8. Lack of understanding: Some students are slow learners and therefore they may find it hard to understand the new language they are being taught. These students may miss a lot of concepts being taught in that language.
9. Time wastage: Sometimes teaching of two languages can simply be a waste of time to students. Some students may not find any importance of learning the other language thus most can fail to show up.
10. It may reflect a bad picture to the community: Some of the communities might be having a bad origin such maybe some were immigrants or refugees and therefore learning their language can make them offended.